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Writing reports can be challenging, but you can create clear, concise, and effective reports with careful planning and organisation. Before you start writing, make sure you understand why the report is needed, what questions it should answer, and who will read it. This will guide your research, writing style, and report structure.

Understand the Purpose

Before you start writing, make sure you understand the report’s purpose. Are you informing, persuading, analysing, or evaluating? Knowing the purpose will guide your writing and structure.

Know Your Audience

Consider who will be reading your report. Tailor your language, tone, and level of detail to match the needs and expectations of your audience. A report for technical experts will differ from one intended for general readers.

Organise Your Thoughts

Create an outline before you begin writing to organise your ideas logically. Start with an introduction that outlines the purpose and scope of the report, followed by the main body, where you present your findings or analysis, and conclude with a summary of key points and any recommendations or conclusions.

Use Clear and Concise Language

Write in clear, straightforward language, avoiding jargon and unnecessary complexity. Use short sentences and paragraphs to improve readability, and define any technical terms or acronyms that may be unfamiliar to your readers.

Provide Supporting Evidence

Support your claims and findings with evidence, such as data, statistics, examples, or quotations from credible sources. This will add credibility to your report and help convince your readers of the validity of your arguments.

Be Objective and Balanced

Present information objectively, without bias or personal opinion. Consider different perspectives and present a balanced view of the topic, acknowledging any limitations or uncertainties in your findings.

Use Visual Aids

Incorporate visuals such as charts, graphs, tables, or images to help illustrate key points and make complex information easier to understand. Make sure your visuals are clear, relevant, and properly labelled.

Proofread and Revise

Take the time to review and revise your report before finalising it. Check for errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, and formatting. Ensure your report flows smoothly and your arguments are well-supported and logically presented.

Follow Guidelines and Formatting

If your report has specific formatting requirements, such as a particular style guide or template, follow them carefully. Pay attention to font size, margins, spacing, and citation style.

Seek Feedback

Ask a colleague or supervisor to review your report before submitting it. Fresh eyes can catch errors or inconsistencies you may have missed, and feedback can help you improve the clarity and effectiveness of your writing.

Following these tips, you can write informative, persuasive, and well-organised reports to make a strong impression on your readers and effectively communicate your message.

Sample Report

You have organised an awareness campaign on COVID-19 in your locality. Write a report on the campaign for publication in a local magazine.

Awareness Campaign on COVID-19

By Madhavi Sasidharan, member TRWA

Thirumala, 13 March 2024: The Thirumala Residents Welfare Association (TRWA), in collaboration with the proactive participation of Anganwadi workers, local public representatives, and health workers, spearheaded an impactful awareness campaign on COVID-19 on 13 March 2024.

Dr Dinesh, who led the campaign, underscored the gravity of the situation. He explained that COVID-19, a highly contagious disease, mainly spreads through the air when people are near each other long enough, primarily via tiny droplets or aerosols, as an infected person breathes, coughs, sneezes, sings, or speaks. It can spread as early as two days before infected persons show symptoms and from asymptomatic individuals. People remain infectious for up to ten days in moderate cases and two weeks in severe cases.

Common symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, breathing difficulties, and loss of smell and taste. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The incubation period is typically around five days but may range from one to 14 days. Recommended preventive measures include hand washing, covering one’s mouth when sneezing or coughing, social distancing, wearing a face mask in public, ventilation and air-filtering, disinfecting surfaces, and monitoring and self-isolation for people exposed or symptomatic.

We have communicated to the people to refrain from shaking hands and hugging for the safety of their loved ones and family members. The campaign’s main focus was to create awareness of using masks and sanitisers to maintain social distancing and frequently washing hands, as these measures can help us defeat the global pandemic.

The programme was presided over by TRWA president Suseelan Nair. Forty volunteers participated in the awareness campaign, and the residents’ responses were very encouraging. Awareness material on the coronavirus, including banners, pamphlets, hand sanitisers, and face masks, was distributed door to door.

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Devika Panikar
δάσκαλος (dáskalos) means the teacher in Greek. Devika Panikar has been teaching English Language and Literature since 2006. She is an Assistant Professor with the Directorate of Collegiate Education under the Government of Kerala. She teaches at the Government Colleges under this directorate and is now posted at the Government Law College, Thiruvananthapuram. This website is a collection of lecture notes she prepared by referencing various sources for her students’ perusal. It has been compiled here for the sake of future generations.