Literature is the study of the world of imagination where anything is possible and anything can be assumed. Ideas, feelings and experiences expressed through language are known as literature. Therefore, teaching English means teaching language and teaching literature.
Aims of Teaching Literature
- to make them aware of the concepts of literature.
- to develop the ability to appreciate the beauty of literary works.
- to guide them to creativity by reading eminent English writers.
- to link them with different cultural background.
- to develop in them an aesthetic sense and help them acquire the ability to use language.
Objectives of Teaching Literature
- to be aware of the various forms of literature.
- to gain accuracy and fluency in the language.
- to use knowledge in new or real-life situations.
- to analyse the thoughts and feelings expressed in the literary form.
- to develop the faculty of imagination.
- to develop critical and analytical ability and appreciate the literary text.
Difficulties in Teaching Literature
The wide gap in the cultures of the east and west may sometimes make it difficult for students to enjoy English literature.
Our children will not be having the experience of a child of the same age group whose L1 is English.
The choice of components for the curriculum -stories, poems, plays, etc. are sometimes not appropriate to the mental growth and interests of the students.
The attitude of the teacher
Teacher’s interest in literature can effectively and positively be transmitted to the students and vice-versa.
Lack of interest in reading
Parents and teachers should provide children with reading materials appropriate to their interest and age.
Social and psychological factors
Several social factors will negatively affect the liking for literature -shyness, poverty, hostility to the language, ill health, etc. are a few.
Lack of children’s literature
Abridged versions of famous works especially fiction, adventure stories, biographies, inventions and plays should be made available in a graded series.
Literature is treated as a tool for communication, sharing language and culture. Broadly literature is classified into prose, poetry and drama.