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Monday, July 5, 2021

Introduction to Tenses

In modern linguistic theory, tense is understood as a category that grammaticalizes time reference; namely, one which, places a state or action in time. Tenses are usually manifested by the use of spe...

ICT in ELT

English is one of the most important languages which have played a significant role in the process of globalization and knowledge explosion. It is the most common means of communication throughout the...

Fire on the Mountain

Anita Desai has added a new dimension to Indian fiction in English by writing a novel like Fire on the Mountain, which probes deep into the bottomless pit of the human psyche and brings the hidden con...

ICT Enabled Learning

Long before the e-learning era, Plato (428 BC– 348 BC) said: “Someday, in the distant future, our grandchildren's grandchildren will develop a new equivalent of our classrooms. They will spend many ho...

Developing Soft Skills

Soft skills relate to how you work ie, they refer to the way one conducts himself/herself at the workplace. Soft skills include interpersonal (people) skills, communication skills, listening skills, t...

Factors Influencing Learning

Learning is a complex process that defies easy definition and description. Human learning is influenced by the family, the community, the school and the societal structure in which the child is born a...

The Nightmare of Malcolm X

The Autobiography of Malcolm X is the story Malcolm tells of his experiences and his growth. The first chapter begins in 1926 and chronicles the first eleven years of Malcolm’s life with his hard-work...

The Simulation Technique

Simulation, in industry, science, and education, is a research or teaching technique that reproduces actual events and processes under test conditions. Developing a simulation is often a highly comple...

Journey to the Interior

Margaret Eleanor Atwood's Journey to the Interior is a metaphysical poem with the recurring motif of ‘journey’ that Atwood explores in other works like Surfacing. It is in form of a monologue, the apt...

The Tragedy

The tragedy is a classic and effective literary device that has developed over time. From ritualistic portrayals, in ancient Greece of noble or prominent tragic heroes, to modern works featuring a mor...

Tradition Against Modernity

R K Narayan is a great novelist who still lives in the mind of readers, India as well as abroad. Narayan had more ‘spell-bound power’ and offered a more consistent, prolific output over 66 more years ...

Debating as a Teaching Tool

The main mission of the educational system is to provide opportunities for students to get practical and useful training to create a thinking field and to enhance their social abilities. As an effecti...

Writing a Memo

A memo (also known as a memorandum, or reminder) is used for internal communications regarding procedures or official business within an organization. Unlike an email, a memo is a message sent to a la...

The Subaltern Speaks

In post-colonial theory, the word ‘subaltern’ is used to refer to a member of any group who faces oppression due to caste or gender or race. In her seminal essay, Can the Subaltern Speak?, Gayathri Ch...

Critical Pedagogy in the Classroom

Correcting students need not amount to the banking method of education. Rather, teachers should call on students to contribute their experiences so that teachers can critically engage with students’ i...

A Critique of Gender Discrimination

Vijay Tendulkar’s Silence! The Court is in Session is a critique of gender discrimination in patriarchy and the women’s fight against the injustice done to her. He represents the problems faced by ind...

Ritusamhara

Kalidasa's Ritusamhara is an ode to nature's bounty and the enduring emotional response it evokes in mankind as a whole. The word Ritu (season) with the word saṃhāra is used here in the sense of "comi...

Sophoclean Drama

Sophocles was an ancient Greek playwright and the second of the 3 greatest Greek writers of tragedy with Aeschylus and Euripides. He is known best for what he wrote about Oedipus, the mythological fig...

From Critical Theory to Critical Pedagogy

Critical Pedagogy (CP) emanated from Critical Theory (CT) which was developed by the philosophers and theorists of the 1923 Frankfurt School of Thought like Theodor W. Adorno, Jürgen Habermas, and Her...

Dante Divine

Dante Alighieri was a Medieval Italian poet and philosopher whose poetic trilogy, the Divine Comedy, made an indelible impression on both literature and theology. He was one of the most learned Italia...

Bringing Classroom and Society Together

Critical pedagogy is a teaching philosophy that invites educators to encourage students to critique structures of power and oppression. It is rooted in critical theory, which involves becoming aware o...

Universal Grammar

Universal Grammar Theory states that all children are born with an innate ability to acquire, develop, and understand language. While different languages may have different kinds of grammar, humans ha...

Antigone, the Classic

Classical works of literature usually share a common element: a memorable main character. Classics feature central characters with vivid, distinct personalities and strong points of view about the wor...

Dawn at Puri

Jayanta Mahapatra is a poet of remarkable power and vision and is a near contemporary of established Indian English poets like Nissim Ezekiel and A K Ramanujan. Dawn at Puri by Mahapatra is the most c...

Types of Drama

From the earliest times drama has been divided broadly into two kinds, Tragedy and Comedy, the one dealing with the dark side of life, the other with the light side of life. Tragedy aims at inspiring ...

Language Games

Language learning is a hard task that can sometimes be frustrating. Constant effort is required to understand, produce and manipulate the target language. Well-chosen games are invaluable as they give...

A Satire Against Racism

Telephone Conversation is a poetic satire against the widespread racism still prevalent in modern western society. As the title suggests, the poem depicts a telephone conversation between a West-Afric...

Preparing a Curriculum Vitae

A curriculum vitae or CV (and sometimes called a vita) is an academic resume that highlights your scholarly accomplishments. A CV provides the employer with a clear outline of your accomplishments so ...

Homer’s Epics

Homer, the earliest poet in Western culture, composed two major works Iliad and Odyssey. In conjunction with Hesiod, Homer acts as a great pool of information for the Greeks about their gods. The Gree...

Learner Oriented Teaching

In the traditional approach to teaching, most class time is spent with the professor lecturing and the students watching and listening. The students work individually on assignments, and cooperation i...

A Challenge to Fate

Belonging to the period of pre-independence, Sarojini Naidu attracted the younger generation of India through her genuine verse. Her poems tell us of her fantasies and longings, her memory, her moment...

Homer

T S Eliot said that genuine poetry can communicate before it is understood. Homer is perhaps the greatest of all epic poets and his legendary status was well established by the time of Classical Athen...

Shelley Calls for Action

Percy Bysshe Shelley once gave up sugar in tea. It was not because he was diabetic, but for a cause. He not only gave up himself but also spearheaded a campaign that resulted in up to 4,00,000 Britons...

Basics in Language Learning

Language is a system of communication. A system comprises a set of signs or symbols arranged in a particular pattern and has some meaning. Speech and writing are the two modes of linguistic communicat...

Sparrows

Sparrows by Kwaja Ahmed Abbas draws the portrait of a man with a large and gaunt frame but a poor soul; a person hardened on the outside but deep within is still a kind person. It is a wonderful story...

Imagery

Imagery is a very common term in Modern criticism. It stands for all the objects and qualities of sense perceptions referred to in a poem or any other literary writing. It is thus the conveying of sen...

The Origin of Drama

Drama is a form of literature intended to be performed by actors and written as prose or verse dialogue. In Western culture, it is one of the three genres developed by the Greeks: drama, epic and (lyr...

Studying Classics

Classic literature is an expression of life, truth, and beauty. In classic literature, work is usually considered to be a representation of the period in which it was written and it merits lasting rec...

Psycholinguistics

Language is an integral part of our society and the way we live our lives. It is an irreplaceable aspect of every culture, and it helps make us unique as individuals. For these reasons, it is importan...

The Classics

Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity. It encompasses the study of the Greco-Roman world particularly of its languages and literature. Traditionally in the West, the study ...

Writing Advertisements

If you're in business you know that to attract customers and get results, you have to advertise. A great ad attracts attention, generates interest in your product, and leaves consumers with a strong d...

Govinda’s Disciple

The poem Govinda’s Disciple by Rabindranath Tagore beautifully highlights the traits of a true master and his disciple who has not been able to overcome his materialistic nature. The setting of the po...

Advertisements

An advertisement is a kind of public notice asking for or offering services or buying and selling property, goods etc., or providing information about missing persons, pets, etc. An advertisement may ...

Literature and Life

Literature is composed of those books which by their subject matter and mode of treating it are of general human interest and in which the element of form and the pleasure which form gives are essenti...

Essential Components of Communication

In order to better understand the communication process, we can break it down into a series of eight essential components.Source Message Channel Receiver Feedback ...

Writing an Agenda

An effective agenda sets clear expectations for what needs to occur before and during a meeting. It helps team members prepare, allocates time wisely, quickly gets everyone on the same topic, and iden...

Defining Communication

Communication is a Latin word that means ‘to share’. It is the sharing of information between different individuals. It includes the sharing of ideas, concepts, imaginations, behaviours and written co...

More About Ballads

Ballads, as stage performances, enjoyed the status of being one of the main sources of entertainment in ancient times. Legends and historical events were narrated in the form of ballads, which would c...

Designing an Agenda

Here are some tips for designing an effective agenda for your next meeting. You can use these tips whether a meeting lasts an hour or three days and whether you’re meeting with a group of five or fort...

Ballad Forms

A ballad is a poem that tells a story, usually (but not always) in four-line stanzas called quatrains. The ballad form is enormously diverse, and poems in this form may have any one of hundreds of dif...

Agenda

An agenda also called a docket or a schedule is a list of topics or activities in the order they are to be taken up, from the beginning till the adjournment. An agenda helps in preparing for a meeting...

Ballads

Ballad is a popular narrative song passed down orally. Folk (or traditional) ballads are anonymous and recount tragic, comic, or heroic stories with an emphasis on a central dramatic event; examples i...

Types of Formal Letters

Letter of EnquiryThe agenda behind writing this letter is to collect information about something or someone. Here you should mention why you expect the sender to give you particular information.Fo...

Formal Letters

We live in a world of technology backed communication. E-mails, texts, etc are most of our preferred modes of communication. However, letters still have a major use and importance in our society, espe...

Usage of Adverbs

An adverb is a word that’s used to give information about a verb, adjective, or another adverb.they sang loudly she’s very pretty he writes really wellWhen used with a verb, ...

Dramatic Monologue

Monologue refers to a speech or a verbal presentation that a character gives to exhibit his ideas as well as thoughts in a loud manner. Through monologue, the character shares his thoughts with the au...

Informal Letters

An informal letter also referred to as a friendly letter, is a personal letter written to friends or relatives (Informal letter to a friend). It is written in a personal fashion. You can write it to a...

Levels of Aesthetic Distance

Aesthetic distance, the frame of reference that an artist creates by the use of technical devices in and around the work of art is to differentiate it psychologically from reality. German playwright B...

Letter Writing Tips

The art of writing a letter was considered an important requirement. Here are some tips for writing a good letter.Identify the TypeThis is the first step of the letter-writing process. You must be...

Aesthetic Distance

Aesthetics is a word that comes from the ancient Greeks. It is used to describe the relationship between art and one's perceptions of beauty. The word is also used to summarize the style of one artist...

The Cenci

The Cenci -A Tragedy in Five Acts, is a verse drama in five acts by Percy Bysshe Shelley written in the summer of 1819 and inspired by a real Italian family, the House of Cenci and in particular, Beat...

Letter Writing

Before the advent of modern technology made communication so easy, the art of writing a letter was considered an important requirement. Even today a letter is an important means of communication in bo...

Recent Trends in TG

There have been numerous changes in transformational grammar from the seventies onwards. Some of the important aspects of these changes are:Standard theory Extended Standard Theory (E...

Meeting Minutes Writing

Meeting minutes, or MOM (for minutes of the meeting) can be defined as the written record of everything that's happened during a meeting. They're used to inform people who didn't attend the meeting ab...

Adverbialisation

Adverbialisation is the process of forming sentences with Adverbs and Adverbial Clauses in them. In adverbial clauses, there are Sentence adjuncts and Predicate Phrase adjuncts. Sentence adjuncts modi...

Structuring a Report

Reports generally involve presenting your investigation and analysis of information or an issue, recommending actions and making proposals.Main Sections of a ReportTitle Section – This includ...

Placement of Adverbs

Putting the adverb in the wrong spot can produce an awkward sentence at best and completely change the meaning at worst. Place adverbs as close as possible to the words they are supposed to modify. Be...

Complement Clause Transformations

Complement ClauseThe Complement clauses ( abbreviated as COMP-clauses) are commonly defined as subordinate clauses functioning as an argument of a predicate. The Complement Clause functions as an NP...

Types of Reports

Reports are well researched, planned and organized documents that are written for a purpose. A report is written for a specific audience; it must always be accurate and objective. It is a concise docu...

Complementation

A characteristic property of certain types of sentence embedding in English, the Sentential Complementation, is the deletion of the initial Noun Phrase of the Sentential Complement. The study of compl...

Adverb

An adverb is a modifying part of speech. It answers the question when, where, how, how much, how long, or how often.The elections are coming soon. They only shopped locally. They ...

Relativization in Subordination

In transformational grammar, relativization is the process of forming sentences with relative clauses in them. Relativization as a syntactic process, like complementation and coordination exhibit the ...

Report Writing

In academia, there is some overlap between reports and essays, and the two words are sometimes used interchangeably, but reports are more likely to be needed for business, scientific and technical sub...

Double Based Transformations -Subordination

In generative grammar, embedding is the process by which one clause is included (embedded) in another. This is also known as nesting. More broadly, embedding refers to the inclusion of any linguistic ...

British and American Expressions

There is an old saying that America and Britain are “two nations divided by a common language.” While they are essentially the same, British and American English also differ a great deal, with some wo...

Use of Adjectives

An adjective is a word that qualifies a noun or a pronoun. An adjective can be used in two ways: (1) Attributively: She is a good teacher. (Adjective is before noun) (2) Predicatively: Bimala is intel...

Double Based Transformations -Coordination

Double-based TransformationsA generative grammar of the type proposed by Chomsky makes use of two types of transformational rules- the singe-base or simple transformations, which is converting a sen...

A Blog Post in Five Easy Steps

Step 1: Plan your blog post by choosing a topic, creating an outline, conducting research, and checking facts. Step 2: Craft a headline that is both informative and will capture readers’ atte...

Passivisation

In English grammar, passivisation is the transformation of a sentence from an active form to a passive form. Through the process of passivisation, the direct object of an active declarative sentence c...

Adjectives

Adjectives are Noun Modifiers, as they generally describe some aspect of nouns.beautiful good happy cool distantKinds of AdjectivesAdjectives of QualityThey des...

Short Response and Emphasis Transformation

Short Response TransformationIn spoken English and informal writing, a short answer is a response made up of a subject and an auxiliary verb or modal. Short answers are brief but complete—they can a...

Blogging

A blog is a type of website that focuses mainly on written content, also known as blog posts. In popular culture, we most often hear about news blogs or celebrity blog sites, but you can also start a ...

Types of Nouns

Recognising the different types of nouns in English grammar will help to develop one's ability to write and speak with precision.Compound NounsCompound nouns are formed from two or more words. Mos...

Tag Question Transformation

The standard or classical, model of transformational generative grammar posits two levels of representation for sentences, an abstract deep structure of meaning relationships and a concrete surface st...

Writing an Effective Email

While most of us are happy to write informal emails to friends, we get jittery when asked to write to people whom we are supposed to make a good impression on, or where we need to be careful or diplom...

Noun Classes

Nouns are described as words that refer to a person, place, thing, event, substance, quality, quantity, etc. The grammatical categories associated with nouns are number, gender and case. There are dif...

Disambiguation Using TG Grammar

TG grammar attempts to describe actual and potential sentences. It aims at generating all and only sentences of a language. It is able to detect ambiguity. If a structure is understood in two ways by ...

Email Writing

Email stands for electronic mail. It is the easiest and the cheapest way of communication. It is used in formal, semi-formal as well as an informal way of expression or writing.Every email you write...

Analysis Using TG Grammar

In English, sentences are always made up of noun phrases (NP) and verb phrases (VP).A noun phrase should always contain at least a noun. It can also contain a determiner (Det), an adjective, and a p...

The Transformational Framework

TG grammar makes use of transformations. The transformational component helps to convert structures from one level to another. In TG analysis we start with the kernel sentence to which PS rules are ap...

Transformational Rules

Transformational Generative grammar is based on the assumption that sentences are of two types- those with the simplest structures are called the basic or kernel sentences. Several sentences with more...

Question Tags

A tag question is a special construction in English. It is a statement followed by a mini-question. We use tag questions to ask for confirmation. They mean something like: "Is that right?" or "Do you ...

An Introduction to TG Grammar

Transformational grammar is a theory of grammar that accounts for the constructions of a language by linguistic transformations and phrase structures. It is also known as transformational generative g...

Barriers to Reading

The major hurdles in developing efficient reading are:Lack of concentration Uninteresting subject matter Lack of motivation Faulty reading habits Defective Reading ...

Why Transformational Generative Grammar?

In Syntactic Structures, Chomsky claims that one of the main reasons for preferring a transformational grammar to a phrase structure grammar is that the former is, in a certain sense, simpler than the...

Wh- Question Words

In English grammar, a wh- word is one of the function words used to begin a wh- question: what, who, whom, whose, which, when, where, why, and how.Nounswhat, whatever who, who...

Derivation of a Sentence

A phrase structure grammar consists solely of phrase structure rules, whereas transformational grammar does not consist only of transformational rules. It includes a set of phrase structure rules as w...

Reading

Reading may be defined as the act of receiving meaning from the written form. It is the ability to interpret linguistic sounds in their graphic and symbolic representation. According to Goodman, "Read...

Limitations of Phrase Structure Grammar

The processes that pose problems to PS grammar are:ambiguities synonymies permutations discontinuous constituents (Eg: particles) remote relationship (Eg: those of cases) ...

Statement to Question

Turning a statement into a question can seem hard at first, but it will appear easier later. A statement is used to express a fact, opinion, or viewpoint about a topic. On the other hand, questions ar...

The Constituent Structure

The PS grammar is an alternative way of expressing the information found in a tree diagram employing rewrite rules. This is a method of structural description. It specifies the subunits and the level ...

Writing a Good Essay

An essay is a composition that defends a position or opinion, also called a thesis, that has been put forth by the author. Not only should an essay demonstrate your overall knowledge of the broader su...

Phrase Structure Grammar

The second of Chomsky's 'three models for the description of language', is Phrase Structure Grammar. Any set of sentences that can be generated by a finite state grammar can be generated by a phrase s...

Phrasal Verbs

A phrasal verb is the combination of two or three words from different grammatical categories — a verb and a particle, such as an adverb or a preposition — to form a single semantic unit on a lexical ...

Generative Grammar

Generative grammar, a very formal system is the first of the three models for the description of the language discussed by linguist Noam Chomsky in Syntactic Structures. In linguistics, generative gra...

The Essay

There are different kinds of essay writing, and each form of essay writing is supposed to follow a unique style and format. The process of coming up with a good essay is not a child’s play. Some essay...

IC Analysis: Advantages and Limitations

The process of IC analysis always ends when the smallest constituents are reached, which are often words although the analysis can also be extended into words to acknowledge how words are structured. ...

Idioms

Every language has its idioms and expressions. They are an integral part of the language. English language too, is rich in idioms. Idioms are words or phrases that aren’t meant to be taken literally a...

IC Analysis of Sentences

A single sentence is made up of an NP (subject) and a predicate phrase. This predicate phrase, apart from a compulsory verbal group, may optionally have one or more noun phrase(s), preposition phrase(...

Guidelines to Paragraph Writing

Developing an effective paragraph -a combination of sentences joined cohesively together to further a focused topic -requires seven steps. Emily Layfield outlines these easy steps which will help one ...

The Gleason Method 

The grammatical constituents in a sentence like Noun Phrase, Verb Phrase, Adverbial and Preposition Phrase can be further divided into categories such as Noun, Adjective, Verb, Tense and Morpheme....

Confusing Words

Everyone knows the problem with spell-check: your word might be spelt right, but it may be the wrong word. It happens all the time. You're writing a paper or texting a friend and have to ask yourself,...

Labelled IC Analysis

Immediate Constituent analysis aims at analysing each utterance into the smallest meaningful units possible. In this model, we begin by cutting the sentence into two natural divisions, and each of the...

Strategies in Paragraph Writing

Writing a paragraph means writing a series of sentences related to a single topic. In theory, it sounds simple enough, but finding the right topic, building sentences with substantial ideas, and conne...

Homophone

Homophone is Greek for same sound. A homophone can be defined as a word that, when pronounced, seems similar to another word, but has a different spelling and meaning. The two words may be spelt the s...

Immediate Constituent Analysis

The advent of generative grammar with the publication of Chomsky's monograph Syntactic Structures in 1957 was a scientific revolution. From the beginning, this revolution was directed almost exclusive...

Paragraph Features

A paragraph is a collection of sentences that all relate to one main idea or topic. Good writing in any form has the following characteristics, which is true of well-written paragraphs as well. The fo...

The Structuralist View of Grammar

The beginning of the 20th century was marked by a new approach to grammar suggested by linguists like Ferdinand de Saussure and American linguists such as Franz Boas, Edward Sapir and Leonard Bloomfie...

One Word Substitutes

One word substitution is the process of using one word for a phrase. As the phrase indicates, they are the words that replace a group of words or a full sentence effectively without creating any kind ...

The ‘Bloomfieldians’

Linguistics in the United States has been very strongly influenced by the necessity of describing as many as possible of the hundreds of previously unrecorded languages existing in North America. Sinc...

Paragraph Writing

Originating from the ancient Greek term paragraphe meaning 'marked passage', a paragraph is a group of sentences that introduces, presents, develops and winds up one main idea on a topic. The idea in ...

Modern Linguisitics: Aims and Attitudes

Linguistics is commonly defined as a science of language. A scientific description is carried out systematically based on objectively verifying observations and within the framework of some general th...

Basic Sentence Patterns

A Basic or a Kernel sentence is the simplest form of sentence which is simple (not complex or compound), declarative and affirmative and is in the active voice. Such sentences can be broadly class...

The Writing Process

A simple, lucid style of writing is often the product of long years of practice in using the language in the written context of various kinds. The writing process involves a series of stages. Essen...

Strong and Weak Forms

Words are mainly divided into form-class words and function-class words. Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs belong to the form class whereas Articles, Determiners, Auxiliaries and Modals belong to t...

Pamela or Virtue Rewarded

Pamela or Virtue Rewarded is an epistolary novel by Samuel Richardson, first published in 1740. It tells the story of a maid named Pamela whose master, Mr B., makes unwanted advances towards her. She ...

Synonyms

Synonyms are different words with identical or at least similar meanings. Words that are synonyms are said to be synonymous, and the state of being a synonym is called synonymy. The word comes from An...

Poem in October

Poem In October by Dylan Thomas is about a man who has turned 30 and goes out to have a walk, reflecting on life. He reflects on how his inner child is now gone. "Year to heaven" could mean that he be...

Religio Medici

Religio Medici or The Religion of a Doctor is a book by Sir Thomas Browne, which sets out his spiritual testament as well as being an early psychological self-portrait. In its day, the book was a Euro...

Syntax

The syntax is the grammar, structure, or order of the elements in a language statement. (Semantics is the meaning of these elements.) Syntax applies to computer languages as well as to natural langu...

Fundamentals of Writing

Writing may be defined as the physical manifestation of language. A process of recording information using a coded system of symbols. It is a means by which ideas are transferred from one mind to anot...

The Characterisation in Alice in Wonderland

The Alice books mingle human and animal characters with nursery rhyme figures and game pieces come to life. Alice, of course, is an ordinary little girl from Victorian England. At first, her encounter...

Teaching Grammar

There is a strong relationship between grammar, writing instruction and student achievement. Effective grammar instruction is key to increase student achievement and learning. Grammar has to be taug...

Teaching Prose

Teaching prose is mainly meant to develop the four language skills -Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. The activities planned by the teacher must allow developing these four skills in a class...

Teaching Poetry

Poetry contains the best and most sublime emotions of the human mind. It is also the most effective means for the purgation of evil emotions. Good poetry is a thing of beauty, thought and form. It a...

Hyponymy

In linguistics, a hyponym is a word or phrase whose semantic range is included within that of another word. For example, scarlet, vermilion, carmine, and crimson are all hyponyms of red (their hyperny...

Teaching Literature

Literature is the study of the world of imagination where anything is possible and anything can be assumed. Ideas, feelings and experiences expressed through language are known as literature. Theref...

The Lesson Plan

Teaching is a complex task. The different steps constituting the process of teaching are called the phases of teaching.Phases of TeachingThe teaching process can be divided into three phases-...

Alice in Wonderland

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll. It tells the story...

Antonymy

Antonyms are words that have contrasting or opposite meanings. Like so much of the English language, antonym is rooted in the Greek language. The Greek word anti means opposite, while onym means name....

Ecclesiastes

Ecclesiastes is a book of the Hebrew Bible. The Hebrew title of the book is Qohelet, a term related to the verb qāhal, "to gather, assemble." The English name derives from the Greek translation of t...

What I Believe

E M Forster is primarily known as a novelist, short story writer and literary critic of a rare distinction. Though his contribution to English essay is substantial he has not received the critical d...

Homonym

The aspect of language in which, through historical accident, two or more words may sound and look-alike is homonymy (as in a farmer's bull and a papal bull). Other types of homonymy are homophony (...