There is a strong relationship between grammar, writing instruction and student achievement. Effective grammar instruction is key to increase student achievement and learning. Grammar has to be taught inductively. Different contexts and substitution tables can be used while teaching grammar. After giving the practice, the students must be able to elicit the grammar rule. They must be proficient in using the structure in daily life situations.

In Grammar classes, the teacher should make sure that she uses authentic writing situations. The learning must be made visible with anchor charts and students must be made to work around grammar concepts. Students must be provided with multiple exposures to a variety of grammatical situations. The students must be encouraged to create non-linguistic representations of grammatical situations

The teacher should also make use of engaging and relevant writing situations to engage students in grammatical exercises. The students must be encouraged to read a variety of nonfiction, informational and fiction texts to expose them to multiple texts and the variety of writing situations. The teacher should also harness the power of digital tools for practice and review. The teacher should use one’s writing and think aloud to model grammar instruction.

The teacher should find short periods during the day to ask grammar questions or oral grammar quizzes. The teacher should use a variety of assessment measures to support student learning. It should be ensured that not too many skills are taught at a time. Instead, the teacher can go deep with a few skills and concepts at one time. It is important in grammar that the skills and concepts learnt are reinforced throughout the year. The teacher should also attach each grammar concept to the purpose of writing.

The classroom libraries, books, read-aloud and discussion allows students to learn a variety of contexts from different sentence constructions. The common State Standards should be used by teachers as a guide to what students need to know at each grade level.

Lesson Plan

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Devika Panikar has been teaching English Language and Literature for 14 years now. She is an Assistant Professor with the Directorate of Collegiate Education under the Government of Kerala. She teaches at the Government Colleges coming under this directorate and is now posted at the Department of English, H.H. The Maharaja’s Government College for Women, Thiruvananthapuram. This website is a collection of the lecture notes that she prepared by referring various sources, for her students’ perusal. It has been compiled here for the sake of future generations.

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