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Devika Panikar

Devika Panikar
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δάσκαλος (dáskalos) means the teacher in Greek. Devika Panikar has been teaching English Language and Literature since 2006. She is an Assistant Professor with the Directorate of Collegiate Education under the Government of Kerala. She teaches at the Government Colleges under this directorate and is now posted at the Government Law College, Thiruvananthapuram. This website is a collection of lecture notes she prepared by referencing various sources for her students’ perusal. It has been compiled here for the sake of future generations.

Complement Clause

A complement clause is a subordinate clause (a clause that cannot stand alone as a sentence) that complements or completes the meaning of a verb, adjective, or noun in the main clause. Complement clau...

General’s ‘Powerful’ Tank

General, Your Tank is a Powerful Vehicle is a poem by Bertolt Brecht, found in his Svendborg Poems collection, written while he was in Danish exile from Nazi Germany. The poem is also known as General...

The Brink of Silence

Esther E Galbraith's one-act play The Brink of Silence is based on the theme of an expedition to Antarctica. The process of looking for information and resources is called exploration or expedition. N...

Irony 

Irony is a literary and rhetorical device where there is a contrast between expectations and reality. It's when the intended meaning of words is different from the actual meaning or a situation turns ...

Listening vs. Hearing

Listening is a valuable skill and assumes official importance in one's personal, academic and professional setting. With the increased use of computers, mobile phones and the internet, the importance ...

Collective Noun

A collective noun is a type of noun that refers to a group of people, animals, or things as a single unit. It describes a collection or a whole rather than individuals within the group. Examples inclu...

The Road Not Taken

The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost is a poem that delves into the theme of decision-making and the complexity of choices in life. It presents a speaker standing at a fork in the road, metaphorically r...

The Dear Departed

William Stanley Houghton was an English dramatist who was a prominent member of a group of playwrights known as the Manchester School of Dramatics. He was influenced strongly by Ibsen. Houghton's play...

Listening

Listening in communication refers to actively receiving, interpreting, and understanding the messages conveyed by others. It is a fundamental aspect of effective communication and is crucial in buildi...

A Modernist Masterpiece

T S Eliot's The Waste Land is considered one of the most important poems of the 20th century and a modernist masterpiece. A dramatic monologue that changes speakers, locations, and times throughout, T...