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Devika Panikar

Devika Panikar
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δάσκαλος (dáskalos) means the teacher in Greek. Devika Panikar has been teaching English Language and Literature since 2006. She is an Assistant Professor with the Directorate of Collegiate Education under the Government of Kerala and now works at the Government Law College, Thiruvananthapuram. This website is a collection of lecture notes she prepared by referencing various sources for her students’ perusal.

Burlesque

Burlesque is a literary and dramatic form that uses humour, exaggeration, and absurdity to ridicule or satirize a subject, genre, or social norm. It has a rich tradition in literature, theatre, and, l...

Farce

Farce is a genre of comedy characterised by highly exaggerated characters, improbable situations, slapstick humour, and a fast-paced, often chaotic plot. The plot of a farce may usually contain many t...

Poetry: Subjective and Objective

Poetry can be broadly categorised into two types: subjective and objective. They are two distinct approaches to poetic expression that differ in their focus, perspective, and emotional engagement.Su...

Kitchen Sink Drama

Kitchen sink drama, a term originating in post-war Britain, refers to a genre of theatre, film, and literature that focuses on the domestic lives of working-class people, often highlighting social and...

The Trial

Act 4, Scene 1 of William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice is one of the most crucial scenes in the play. Known as the trial scene, it serves as the dramatic climax, during which issues of justice...

Haiku

Haiku is a traditional Japanese poetry known for its simplicity, precision, and depth. It captures moments of nature, emotion, or insight in a very concise format. Haiku evolved from the hokku, the op...

Calpurnia’s Dream

Act 2, Scene 2 of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar is a pivotal scene in the play, marked by rich symbolism, foreshadowing, and character development. This scene is significant for several reasons,...

Melodrama

Melodrama is a dramatic genre characterised by its emphasis on sensationalism and emotional manipulation. It often employs stock characters and dramatic plotlines to appeal to the audience's emotions....

Heroic Drama

Heroic drama, also known as heroic tragedy or heroic romance, is a type of play that arose in the Restoration era of England during the late 17th century. The genre drew inspiration from French Neocla...

Revenge Tragedy

Revenge tragedy is a dramatic genre characterised by its focus on a protagonist's quest for vengeance against those who have wronged them or their loved ones. This genre explores themes of vengeance, ...